The T231 Veneer Saw needs to be sharpened before use, and is done properly by removing the blade from the handle, and held firmly in a vise, clamped close to the teeth. Using the small knife edge or sharp edged “bastard” file, held perpendicular to the blade and canted at the same angle as the teeth, start sharpening the teeth from the front of the saw, moving toward the back teeth. Usually two medium pushes with the file held at 90° vertically and horizontally to the blade will be enough. After this is complete, the saw teeth need to be beveled to a point with a fine flat mill file (or the flat side of this T232 file). This is done by placing the blade flat onto the edge of a workbench, and filing the teeth to a sharp point, on the handle side of the blade. The angle of the flat file should be about 20 to 25 degrees. Care must be taken to file the saw teeth only to a sharp point and no further. Filing too much will create a flat top on the point of the tooth, and the saw will not cut veneer properly. After this flat filing is done, assemble the saw, remove the burr on the saw back with three or four strokes over a 1000 grit water stone, wipe the water off, oil the blade, and the saw is ready for use.